- Africa is not a country, it is a continent that consists of 54 countries.
- Africa is the world’s second driest continent (after Australia).
- The world’s largest land animal is the African elephant.
- The fastest land animal in the world, the cheetah, lives in Africa.
- Africa is home to the world’s largest reptile, the Nile crocodile.
- The Fish River Canyon in Namibia is the second largest canyon in the world.
- Lake Malawi has the largest number of fish species in the world – over 500.
- There are about 2300 bird species in Africa.
- Almost 100 species of lemurs are found in Madagascar.
Over 25% all languages are spoken only in Africa with over 2,000 recognised languages spoken on the continent.
Africa is the world's second-largest and second most-populous continent, being behind Asia in both categories. At about 30.3 million km2 (11.7 million square miles) including adjacent islands, it covers 6% of Earth's total surface area and 20% of its land area. With 1.2 billion people as of 2016, it accounts for about 16% of the world's human population.