The Ethnographic Park PirÃ¡mides de GÃ¼Ãmar was founded in 1998 by the renowned Norwegian researcher Thor Heyerdahl, who was responsible for safeguarding the pyramids from an urban plan, creating the Ethnographic Park to ensure its study and conservation. Throughout its more than 64.000m2 you can discover the pyramid complex, a museum, an auditorium, several outdoor routes, large garden areas and much more.
The existence of the GÃ¼Ãmar step pyramids first came to wide public notice in the early 1990â€™s. The information reached the anthropologist Thor Heyerdahl. Heyerdahl, who dedicated much of his life to researching the cultural origins of ancient civilisations throughout the world, carefully studied the GÃ¼Ãmar pyramids. The similarity of these structures to those in Sicily, Mexico, Mesopotamia, Polynesia and Peru induced Heyerdahl to settle in Tenerife to study the structures in situ.
Various theories exist as to the origin and age of the pyramids. Some researchers maintain that they were mereheaps of stones left by farmers clearing the land for cultivation. Heyerdahl on the other hand related the existence of the pyramids to ancient civilisations on the island, arguing that the construction details of the pyramids resemble the architectural principles used in the Old and New Worlds, and therefore could not be the product of a mere accumulation of stones. In 1991, a team of archaeologists from the University of La Laguna(Tenerife) and the foundation FERCO conducted the first excavations in the plaza located between two of the pyramids that form the main complex.
This campaign yielded a series of materials from the mid-nineteenth century. Meanwhile, researchers of the Institute of Astrophysics of the Canaries undertook a study of the archaeoastronomical characteristics of these structures. These investigations showed that the pyramids are oriented astronomically to the summer and winter solstices.